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Abuja – Facts & FAQs about Abuja, FCT

Abuja is the capital of Nigeria. It was created in 1976 and it lies the central part of Nigeria. The FCT is the federal capital territory of Abuja and borders on the north with Kaduna State, on the south-west by Kogi State, on south-east with Nassarawa State, and on the west by Niger state. The city is roughly 300 miles (480 km) northeast of Lagos, the former capital.  The total size is 1,769 km².

Abuja: Facts, History and interesting things about Abuja
courtesy: Abuja Map

Facts and Frequently Asked Questions About Abuja

Here are facts and frequently asked questions and answers about Abuja, Nigeria

How did Abuja get its name?

Abuja got its name from King Abubakar, the founder of the kingdom of Abuja. The land now known as Abuja was historically the south-western part of the ancient Habe (Hausa) kingdom of Zazzau (Zaria). King Abubakar succeeded his father as the king of the kingdom. King Abubakar’s nickname is Abu and because he is fair in complexion, “Ja” which means fair or red in Hausa was added to his nickname to become Abu-Ja. So, the present day, Abuja was named after King Abubakar’s nickname, ABU-JA. Though, some other sources have it that the “Ja” is a shortened form of Ishaku Jatau, King Abubakar father’s name.

How was Abuja created?

Abuja is geography mapped out by Aso Rock, a 400-metre (1,300 ft) monolith left by water erosion. The Presidential Villa, Supreme Court, National Assembly, and most parts of the city extend to the south of the rock. Abuja settled in 1828, incorporated on 1st October 1984 and declared capital 12 December 1991

Who designed Abuja?

Planning Research Corporation; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd; and Arch systems, a division of the Hughes Organization are the international Planning Associates (IPA), a consortium of three American firms that developed the master plan for Abuja and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT)

Who built Abuja?

General Murtala Mohammed in 1976 made the decision to move to Abuja. However, the construction of Abuja kicks off in the late 1970s but, due to economic and political unrest, the first stages of the city were not completed until the late 1980s. The logic used to build the city is somewhat similar to the way Brazil planned its capital, Brasília.

Read: Traditional Marriage rite in Igboland: How it is done

When was Abuja made the capital of Nigeria?

Abuja was carved out to become the capital of Nigeria on 12 December 1991, replacing Lagos. It was selected to become the new capital of Nigeria when it was obvious that there are population pressures in Lagos, political and ethnic divisions. The former capital of Nigeria is Lagos and the country’s most populous city.

Why was Abuja made the capital of Nigeria?

The place was chosen as Nigeria’s new capital because of its central location, easy accessibility, low population density and salubrious climate, and the availability of land for future expansion. Abuja is the first planned city to be built in Nigeria.

Does Abuja have a governor?

Unlike the States of Nigeria, which are headed by elected Governors; Abuja is administered by the Federal Capital Territory Administration and headed by a minister appointed by the President.

How many indigenous tribes are in Abuja?

There are 9 indigenous tribes in the FCT, Abuja. They are Gbari, Bassa, Egbira, Gade, Ganagana, Gbagyi, Amwamwa, Koro and Gwandara. The largest of the tribes is Gbagyi (Gwari), the next is Koro, then  Amwamwa and the rest of the smaller tribe follows.

What is Abuja known for?

Abuja is popularly known for being one of the best well-structured capital cities in Africa as well as being one of the richest. Abuja is a well-planned city and built in the 1980s. It is also known as a home for many religious groups. Some of these religious group include the Nigerian National Mosque (NNM), the Nigerian National Christian Centre (NNCC), Hindus, Indigenous religious group and many more. The city is served by Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport.

How safe is Abuja?

Abuja is generally safe. But just like every other city, caution and common sense should still be employed when living in the city. Visitors should be aware that there are risks of armed robbery, carjacking, unplugging of car batteries, Kidnapping and many more.  If you fall victim of any crime in Abuja, it is best to report it to the nearest local police station for immediate action to be taken.

Is Abuja a safe place to live in?

When compared to other cities in the world like Tokyo, Singapore, Osaka and Amsterdam, Abuja is clearly not safe. These cities are considered the safest cities in the world. Abuja is a well-planned city and is relatively wealthier.

Though, Lagos is a much bigger city, the official recorded murder rate per capita is higher for Abuja.

How dangerous is Abuja?

There is a recent spate of kidnappings and violent crimes in Nigeria’s capital Abuja. This is a place regarded as a relatively safe haven in the country that is facing major security challenges. The national police chief, Mohammed Adamu made known to allay concerns by saying that Abuja actually has one of the lowest crime rates in the world

What are the names of places in Abuja?

There are five suburban districts in Abuja namely: Karu, Nyanya, Kubwa, Jukwoyi and Gwagwalada. Along the Airport Road now known as Umaru Musa Yar’Adua Express Way, there are some clusters of satellite settlements, namely Chika, Lugbe, Pyakassa and Kuchigworo.

How many local members are there in Abuja?

The capital city Abuja is found inside the wider Abuja Municipal Area Council. The territory is currently made up of six area councils namely: Gwagwalada, Abaji, Bwari, Abuja Municipal, Kuje, and Kwali.

How is the cost of living in Abuja?

Generally, the cost of living in Nigeria cities is high when compared to other African countries. The cost of living in Abuja is relatively high too. Without a doubt, the cost of living in Abuja has become exorbitant. The cost of rent and land is beyond the reach of many people. To recoup their cost, estate developers and landlord transfer the high costs to their tenants and customers. Meanwhile, there are numerous shopping malls, list of supermarkets, bars and many more where you can hang out.

If you are a younger person who is an unpaid intern or have an entry-level professional job and are supporting yourself, the city is dearly and it may be difficult to find a good location to live in within the city that will meet your budget.

What business can I do in Abuja?

Abuja is a commercial as well as public and civil servant area. Though not as highly commercial as when compared to Lagos. Abuja is an exciting place to do business however, you need to raise huge capital before you can start up a business that will meet the demand of rich people in the city. Some of the business you can do in Abuja if you are new there are;

  1. Restaurant
  2. Fast food joint
  3. Hotel business
  4. Supermarket
  5. Provision distribution and retailing
  6. Foodstuff business
  7. Business similar to Opay ride and Uber ride
  8. Website development
  9. Importation
  10. Beer distribution

In terms of business ideas, you can start-up in Nigeria, we are specialist in researching for profitable business anyone can do anywhere in Nigeria. so, you can use our business ideas to start a business in Abuja.

What is the cost of lodging in a hotel in Abuja?

  1. To lodge in 3-star hotels in Abuja, the average costs are $54 per night
  2. To lodge in 4-star hotels in Abuja, the average costs are $81 per night.
  3. If you’re looking for something special like a 5-star hotel in Abuja, you can get one for $188 per night, on average (this is based on prices).

For weekend lodging in Abuja hotel, the average price per night for a 3-star hotel in Abuja is $62 or, for a 4-star hotel, $106.  5-star hotels in Abuja cost around $118 per night (based on prices).

Which time of the year is best to visit Abuja?

Abuja is at the tropical region which records high temperatures all year round. But there is a wet season that begins in April and ends in November. The remaining time of the year is usually dry. So, the best time of the year to visit Abuja is between December to March.

Where is the best place to live in Abuja?

Some of the best places to live in Abuja are Asokoro, Jabi, Gwarinpa, Lokogoma, Jahi, Apo and Live Camp. Asokoro is one of the most high-class districts in Nigeria. Jabi can be regarded as the younger brother of Maitama and Asokoro, not quite as expensive to live in, but with pretty much all the benefits of residing in those two places

How do I survive in Abuja?

Abuja is a good place to live in. Some of the ways you can survive in Abuja include;

  1. Live within your means
  2. Embrace the Abuja’s Culture and have an open mind
  3. Get outdoors for chances to study the environment
  4. Embrace the internet, it helps a lot
  5. Put the phone away, explore.
  6. Join clubs and groups.
  7. Remember that everything takes time.

There above are facts about Abuja and the frequently asked questions. We have answered these questions to provide you with useful information about Abuja and what you should expect on your trip to the capital of Nigeria.

If you still have more questions about Abuja, you can post on the comment section below get an answer or simply go to our questions and Answer section.

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