Category Archives: Business Ideas

Businesses, Online businesses, Nigerian businesses, small business in Nigeria, small business ideas, medium Scale Business, Large Scale Business, business plan, online business in Nigeria, entrepreneurship & entrepreneurial business in Nigeria, Nigeria business news

How to Start Garden Egg Farming Business In Nigeria

This article is a guide to garden egg farming in Nigeria. It will teach you all you need to know about Africa and Nigerian garden egg cultivation and its business.

Garden Egg farming business is one the lucrative Agricultural business that has made  lot of entrepreneurs millionaire.  Garden Egg farming earlier in Nigeria was cultivated for domestic use but is now cultivated for economic reasons. Every part of Nigeria eat garden egg including African nations and around the globe. There is distribution of garden egg across the temperate and tropical regions.

Nigerian Garden Egg
Nigerian Garden Egg

This eggplant is mainly cultivated for medicine and for food. The reason why it is called garden egg is due to the shape that resembles an egg and also due to the display of white colour in some categories of the varieties. Garden egg has a botanical name and this name is Solanummelongena.

Garden Egg Family

Its family is Solanaceae and it is a flowering plant for economic purposes. You can call it eggplant or garden egg. However the notable difference between the white and green varieties is that the green garden egg has chlorophyll.

This green garden egg is a liver friendly specie while the white counterparts can be digested. The purple garden egg has much Nasunin and can serve as a good antioxidant in terms of health. Garden egg is a medicine for ulcer. Many people take it with yam and the fruit is good when taken with groundnut paste or groundnut.

There are traditional uses of garden egg in Igbo land and other African regions.

READ ALSO: How to start Cassava processing business in Nigeria (including machine & factory equipment)

A Look At The History Of Garden Eggs

The plant has Indian origins and here it grows in a wild manner. However the first record of that plant is in QiminYaoshu which does a Chinese treatise exist in 544. Many names exist for the plant including North African and Arabic names.

The crop came to England in the 16th century and then as the notion of being poisonous.

Origin Of The Name (GardenEgg)

Garden egg is named after the egg since it looks like the eggs of hen. Other languages like Icelandic call it eggaldin while the Welsh language calls it planhigynwy. The name garden egg became popular in the year 1811 and is sometimes called vegetable eggs by the English people.

The eggplant is the name obtainable in the United States and the United Kingdom has aubergine as the name of the crop. South Africa and South Asia call it brinjal. This spongy and absorbent fruit can be useful for cooking different categories of cuisines and has the berry as its botanical definition.

African Garden Egg farming and businessIt has relations with potato and tomato. The fruit is able to absorp flavours and oils when cooked and this is common in East and Southern Asia.

Description Of Garden Egg

Garden egg is a tropical and delicate plant and it does well in a half-hardy or tender climate. It has a spiny stem and the flowers have a white colour with yellow stamens and corolla. Some of the common species have a glossy purple colour with a white flesh and tends to have a spongy feel.

Garden egg germinates from 40 to 150cm in height and the leaves have coarse bond which is between 10 and 20cm in length. Its leave is also 5 to 10cm in terms of width. The semi wide categories are able to grow to up to 225cm and the leaves are more than 30cm in length and 15cm in width.

Its fruit is below 3cm in terms of diameter in its form with a length of 30cm or above. Its botanical classification is the berry and fruit has soft, small and edible seeds.

READ ALSO: Fish farming in Nigeria and Cost of starting

The Species Of Garden Egg

Garden egg has many species and can form fruits of different shapes, colour and size. The species that is mostly used in Europe is the ovoid specie. Many species are available in India and Asia.

The colours range from green to white or yellow. Some of the species have colour gradations like bright pink, deep purple and black. Purple species or green species are obtainable. The Chinese species have a common shape and this is like a pendulous cucumber.

More On Species Of Garden Egg

The major classifications of garden egg are:

  • Elongated oval or oval shape and they consists of: Bringal Bloom, Black Magic, Classic, Black Beauty, Dusky, Burpee Hybrid and Harris Special Hibush.
  • Slim species with skin that is purple black consists of Tycoon, Pingtung Long, Ichiban and Little fingers. There is also the green skin varieties which consists of Thai (Long) Green and Louisiana Long Green. Also white skin variety consists of ‘Dourga’.
  • White-skin and traditional consists of Easter Egg and Casper.
  • Bicoloured species consists of Violettadi Firenze, Rosa Bianca, Prosperosa and Bianca, Prosperosa and Bianca Sfumata di Rosa.
  • Bicoloured species having stripping consists of Udumalapet and Listada de Gandia.
  • Miniature species like vengan.

How to start Garden Egg Farming Business In Nigeria- Steps

1) Get a business plan

This is among the first steps and this business plan should include the things you need to begin your garden egg business. Items like land, labour costs, seedlings, fertilizer costs and so on should be part of this business plan.

2) Prepare the land for cultivation

The land should be cleared of debris, grasses and stumps and the best type of soil for this is sandy-loam. You can mix the organic manure using the soil and then go ahead and prepare the land.

Loosen the soil to let the roots penetrate properly and then mix the manure within a month before you start planting. You can use tractors for your large scale farming but do not remove all the top soil. Tilling of the soil should be less than 20cm. You can plant garden egg directly or with the use of nursery beds.

However if tray is what you are using fill it with the necessary soil and then broadcast seeds on top of it.

3) Plant the Garden Eggs

Planting of garden egg should happen early in the morning or afternoon. If you are planting directly put two of the seeds inside a hole or you may broadcast and then thin it later. If you are planting for a nursery plant the seeds on each hole and then transfer to the farm.

This farm ought not to be too far from that nursery and transferring should happen after the seedlings have between 2 to 3 leaves. For planting on plain ground, the space in between plants should be 90cm while ridges should be 60cm. The space between ridges should be 90cm.

There is self pollination of egg plants since they possess both the female and male reproductive system. Setting of fruits does not take place during very low or very hot temperatures. This is a reason why it is not suitable for greenhouse farming. Fruiting and flowering begins 6-8 weeks after the transplanting and then will continue developing between 2 to 3 months when it is ready for harvesting and this is dependent on the variety.

The varieties that are suitable for this commercial farming consists of florida market, long purple, baby aubergines and black beauty. This needs temperature that is warm for development and optimal growth.

4) Fertilize  Garden Egg

There is a need to manure the garden egg at certain stages and you can apply this manure at certain intervals of the month. After harvesting you can add potassium nitrate and the measurement should be 400g for each hectare

5) Mulch/weed the Garden Egg farm

Do not damage the crop when you are utilising the chemicals. Weeds should take place to ensure that the weeds do not compete with the crops or overshadow the eggplant. Mulching is also an integral part of this farming and you can make use of cut straw and grasses covering the farm.

This will enable moisture conservation and prevent the growth of weeds. It will also reduce sunlight from penetrating directly and also promote soil manure.

5) Apply Pest and disease control

The most common diseases are fruit rot and bacterial wilt. These are fungus diseases and they can be caused by water and wind. Phytophitora is parasites that have some effects on garden egg or eggplants.

  • Controlling such diseases can be through removing the affected plants and the use of fungicides.
  • You can utilize water or organic growers to eradicate such diseases. Use approximate quality of water and nine oil and also utilise varieties that are more resistant.
  • Also make use of crop rotation. Pests include flea beetle, bugs, fruits borer, egg skeletonizer, caterpillars and spider mutes. Make use of insecticides like agritgoin, tectrakill, fighter etc inside the farm.

6) Harvest the garden egg

You can start harvesting after about 65 to 70 days of planting. This also depends on the variety that is planted. Harvesting should be at an early stage when they are still young. It can be twice a week. Ripening of the eggplant is confirmed when the skin becomes smooth and the sizes are marketable sizes.

Few varieties of the eggplant take more time for maturity and example of such is the one that has fruit elongation. Garden egg is over mature where there is loss of gloss or smoothness. This crop resembles pepper and the more it is harvested the more it yields. Prolonged harvesting and continuous production go together.

READ ALSO: 30 Online Money Making Business Opportunities in Nigeria

Garden egg takes much time before it dries up and wilts. The stems of garden egg becomes hardened when the eggplant becomes mature. Use knife to cut the egg away from the plant using calyx and stalk attached at 4cm.

Harvesting Tips

  • Do not use hand to pull the garden egg since this can damage the stem and have adverse effects on the plant.
  • Avoid abrasions, puncturing or compression. Some of the skin varieties can damage easily and the average yield per hectare ranges between 30 and 40 tonnes. You finally wash the garden eggs by placing them inside a bowl that has water so as to prepare for marketing.

What Are The Benefits Of Eating Garden Egg?

  • The mineral content of garden egg strengthens the bone.
  • It is useful for reducing constipation and this is because it contains much fibre.
  • It is useful for cholesterol control.
  • The egg possess antioxidants that is useful for health issues like neurological diseases, inflammations and ageing.
  • Weight management is another use of garden egg since it can promote bowel movement and contains low calories.
  • They are a source of vitamin B and this include niacin, thiamine, pantothenic acid and B6.
  • It can regulate blood sugar level of the body.
  • It promotes blood circulation of blood.

How Marketable Is Garden Egg?

Many people eat garden egg and this market has operated for a long period. Locate a fruit market and then display products or distribute to sellers. Package them in baskets or in bags of different sizes.

Why Do Garden Egg Business?

  • Garden egg business is a very lucrative business. The crops continue to form fruits for about 50 months and you can get up to 50% return on the investment.
  • There is an increasing demand on garden egg and it is not too complex to manage.
  • It has a shorter maturity time and very lucrative. Retailers who purchase the products get back the funds used in purchasing. You can harvest and cultivate it in a year. Leasing of land can be done for this business.
  • Garden egg does not spoil fast and it has a high rate of consumption.

A lot of people have started to see the economic viability of the garden egg business. Proper management helps the garden egg farming business.


Garden egg farming business is one of the lucrative farming business you can do in Nigeria and garden egg has a lot of health benefits. It is a vegetable crop and is rich in vitamins and other nutrients.

Proper manuring and the use of the appropriate variety, weeding and effective land preparation will promote your garden egg farming business. You can ask your questions.



This article is written by Ikechukwu Nwuzoh

Top 15 Reasons why online businesses fail

Why do so many and most online businesses fail? What are responsible for the fall of most online businesses? Have you started one or two online businesses and on reaching its tenth year, that online business crumbled?

Yes! It does happen. The reasons why many online  business start-up fail can not be far-fetched and I am here to show the reasons .

In search of way to make a living online, you were opportune to see someone who made it by quitting his stressful and boring day to day job to become his own boss just by using his own computer at the comfort of his home. So, it becomes so easy for you to reach a conclusion that online business will be an ideal job. You quickly register a domain name; host a website to start an online business with hope that you will make it just like that other guy. The unfortunate story is that failure may be waiting  and you may not even be aware of it.

Starting a successful online business is not bread and butter. This is what those get rich quick internet marketer will not tell you because they will rather want you to cough out your hard earn money to buy their worthless eBook.
The simple truth is that most online businesses have failed. Many sources have it that about nine out of ten of all internet business start-up fails within the first 120 days. Nine out of ten!

Here are top 15 reasons why online businesses fail and if properly deal with, the chances that your own internet business will be a successful  will be high.

Why Online Businesses Fail

The top 15 reasons most internet businesses fail are:

1. Not prepared to face failure

If you start an online business thinking that you will succeed without making mistakes or failing at something, it is better you don’t start the business at all because failure is the mother of success and always should be prepare for.
Johnny Cash, one of the most influential American musicians of the 20th century says; “You build on failure. You use it as a stepping stone. Close the door on the past. You don’t try to forget the mistakes, but you don’t dwell on it. You don’t let it have any of your energy, or any of your time, or any of your space.”
Napoleon Hill in his book titled, “Think and Grow Rich” says; “when defeat comes, accept it as a signal that your plans are not sound, rebuild those plans, and set sail once more toward your coveted goal.”

Many people fail in their online business because they are not prepared to face the reality of failure and when it comes, it swallows them up. Failure is always an option and a stepping stone to success, be ready to face it if you want succeed in your online business ventures.

2. Jumping into an online business with no knowledge of internet

Knowledge is power! You can’t give what you don’t have. Internet is place where you are trusted for what you know. The first and best thing to do before jumping into an online business is to first study the internet and how it works. Subscribe for valuable internet business eBook and get yourself acquitted with business world of brick and mortar.

3. Not self-disciplined

To become a successful online business owner requires self-discipline. Going to party all night, sleeping until noon and then staying 2 or 3 hours with a computer will not make you rich or a super internet marketer.
There is no magic button to push your website on Google number one search engine result page to gain your website impressive massive traffic and fistfuls cash into your bank account. There are no such magic. Self-discipline and hard work is always the key to success.

4. Refusing to learn

Learning is a continuous process. The internet is an ever changing world; new things emerge on daily basis especially in the world of bricks and mortar. There is always a new thing to learn each day. The moment you refuse to learn or become adamant to changes, your business will cease to grow from that very moment.

5. No business plan

‘If you fail to plan, then you’ve planned to fail’. This is true for all new online business entrants and it best explains why 90% of internet businesses fail. Writing your business plan can help attract investors, loans etc and it is a valuable tool for expansion.

6. Lack of entrepreneurial skill

Every business should be operated as a business whether big or small, real world or brick and mortar. As an entrepreneur you need to understand profit and loss, debt and credit and what makes them up. You mustn’t have a college certificate in business before you can become successful in online business.

It is quite surprising how the same people, who wouldn’t dream of starting a real world business, think they can make it in an online business even though they have no business background. Internet business does not simply mean that you would no longer have to get up every morning and go to work. Online business is ideal for entrepreneurs who have knowledge of doing business.

7. Hiring wrong person

What every website needs is a leader behind it. It is not enough to host a website while you hire someone to write the content and drive traffic to the site for you.

When hiring someone to manage your website for you; you need to hire someone who knows his onion.

Someone who is passionate about your online business niche area and will be ready at all times to initiate new ideas into the business.

Someone who will be readily available at all times to interact with your customers and proffer solutions to your product and services related problems.

Someone who is ready and willing to work hard at all costs in other to see that you are successful in your online business.
Such a person is hard to come by. When you virtually hire the wrong person, your online business gradually fails.

Let us HIRE you if you are a season entrepreneur

8. Poor marketing

No business has ever succeeded without proper marketing. When you build it, they won’t come — until they hear about it. Every new business needs proper marketing and it should not be a surprise that you may be devoting roughly half of your resources — be it time, labour, or dollars — to building a customer base. Proper online marketing include pay per click (PPC), email marketing, mobile marketing, direct banner advertisement, link exchange, proper search engine marketing (SEM) and so many others.

9. Poor branding

Strong brand are always the people first choice. It takes years to build strong brand. Brand is always a reflection of the quality of your product but it is more of trusting you than trusting the product you offer. Poor branding scare aware your target audience and leaves you at the verge of your online business collapse.

10. Impatient

Internet business is not a get rich quick scheme. You should be ready to dedicate a minimum of four to eight hour each day to your internet business especially when you are just starting newly. You may not start making tons of money within the first six month of your starting of an online business but as the month progresses you will begin to see changes in income generation. How long it will take you to start making money online depends on hard work and nature of your online business.

11. Working with inexperience team

Your business team can either make or mar your online business. You need experienced team if you want to grow and achieve success in your online business venture. It is better to run your online business on your own than running it with an inexperienced team. Inexperienced team have run down many big online businesses.

12. No or poor business model

On what business model are you building your online business? Put every business model that claim to the best for making money online to test before applying to your online business. Remember that a good business model that work for Mr A. may not work Mr. B. In most cases, some changes need to done to the model for it to work for Mr. B.

13. No capital backup

Don’t go to quit your job once if you have one already because you are starting an internet business. Try to raise some funds and save it for some months. This savings will serve as your capital backup until your online business starts to pay you off in spades later. Financial backup are necessary for every business no matter small the business may be.

14. Lack of business mentor

Mentors are exemplary. There is no business that you will not see people who are already into it in one way or the other. Getting one person who is already successful in your choice of online business to guide and intimate you on what are obtainable in the business are one sure way of succeeding.

15. Curiosity

“Curiosity killed the cat” is a popular proverb used to warn against the dangers of unnecessary experimentation or trying. Don’t go to experiment on online business because someone told you that it is an easy way of making money or because you are jobless. Your reasons for starting online business must be genuine and should be built on ground that you have values to offer otherwise failure is your only option.

Having explained the major reasons why many online businesses fail, I want you to know that there is no guarantee of success to any online business. Even multinational companies can fail in their new online business venture. Failure is always an option but the possibility of success can be increased if you apply all that I have mentioned above. Remember the research statistics, “nine out of ten of all internet business start-up fails within the first 120 days”, that means there is still a probability of 10% success. Try to be among the minority (10%) that succeed than the majority (90%) that fails.

Follow the steps others follow to succeed in your own business.